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Guide to evidence-based physical therapist practice /

Title:
Guide to evidence-based physical therapist practice /
Author:
Jewell, Dianne V.
Published:
Sudbury, MA : c2011.
Format:
Book
Institution:
MCPHS Worcester
Contents:
Preface -- Acknowledgments -- Part 1: Principles Of Evidence-Based Physical Therapist Practice -- 1: Evidence-based physical therapist practice -- Introduction -- Evidence-based what? -- Evidence-based physical therapist practice -- Evidence-based physical therapist practice focus areas -- Process of evidence-based physical therapist practice -- Summary -- Exercises -- References -- 2: What is evidence? -- Introduction -- General characteristics of desirable evidence -- Forms of evidence -- Research designs: Overview -- Research designs: Timing -- Research designs: What is the question? -- Hierarchies of evidence -- Limitations of evidence hierarchies -- Summary -- Exercises -- References -- 3: Quest for evidence: getting started --Introduction -- Formulating clinical questions -- Background questions -- Foreground questions -- Questions about diagnostic tests -- Questions about clinical measures -- Questions about prognostic factors -- Questions about interventions -- Questions about clinical prediction rules -- Questions about outcomes and self-report outcomes measures -- Searching for evidence -- Determine which database will be most useful -- Identify search terms to enter into the database -- Use the database features to streamline the search -- Be Prepared to Reformulate the Question -- Aim for the highest quality evidence available -- Electronic databases for evidence-based physical therapist practice -- US national library of medicine: PubMed --Search limits -- Medical subject headings (MeSH) -- General keyword search -- Search history -- Clinical queries-- Related articles -- My NCBI -- PubMed tutorials -- Cumulative index of nursing and allied health literature (CINAHL) plus with full text -- Cochrane library -- Physiotherapy evidence database (PEDro) -- American physical therapy association's hooked on evidence -- Other databases and services -- Summary -- Exercises -- References -- Part 2: Elements Of Evidence -- 4: Questions, theories, and hypotheses -- Introduction -- Research question -- Background --Literature Review --Citations of epidemiologic data --Theories, concepts, and constructs -- Hypotheses -- Summary -- Exercises -- References -- 5: Research design -- Introduction -- General features of research designs -- Philosophical approach -- Design format -- Number of groups -- Degree of control -- Time elements -- Research question -- Research designs for questions about diagnostic tests and clinical measures -- Methodological studies of clinical measures -- Research designs for questions about prognostic factors -- Cohort designs -- Case-control designs -- Other designs for prognostic indicators -- Research designs for questions about interventions -- Experimental studies -- Quasi-experimental studies -- Research designs for clinical prediction rules -- Research designs for outcomes research -- Methodological studies about self-report outcomes measures -- Secondary analyses -- Systematic reviews -- Meta-analyses -- Qualitative studies -- Summary -- Exercises -- References -- 6: Research subjects -- Introduction -- Subject identification -- Subject selection -- Probabilistic sampling methods -- Non probabilistic sampling methods -- Subject management within the study -- Random assignment methods -- Nonrandom assignment -- Other subject management issues -- Sample size -- Summary -- Exercises -- References -- 7: Variables and their measurement -- Introduction -- Variables -- Independent variables -- Dependent variables -- Extraneous variables -- Other terminology related to variables -- Measurement -- Levels of measurement -- References standards in measurement -- Measurement reliability -- Instrument reliability: Reproducibility (or test-retest reliability) -- Instrument reliability: Internal consistency -- Instrument reliability: Parallel forms -- Instrument reliability: Split-half -- Rater reliability -- Measurement validity -- Face validity -- Content validity -- Construct validity -- Convergent validity -- Discriminant validity -- Criterion validity -- Concurrent validity -- Predictive validity -- Responsiveness to change -- Floor and ceiling effects -- Interpreting change -- Summary -- Exercises -- References -- 8: Research Validity -- Introduction -- Research validity -- Threats to research validity -- Threats to research validity of intervention studies -- Threat 1: Assignment -- Threat 2: Attrition -- Threat 3: Compensatory equalization of treatments -- Threat 4: Compensatory rivalry or resentful demoralization -- Threat 5: Diffusion or imitation of treatment -- Threat 6: History -- Threat 7: Instrumentation -- Threat 8: Maturation -- Threat 9: Statistical Regression to the Mean -- Threat 10: Testing -- Threats to research validity in studies about other components of the patient/client management model -- Role of investigator bias -- Additional solutions to research validity threats -- Threats to construct validity -- External validity -- Summary -- Exercises -- References -- 9: Unraveling statistical mysteries -- Introduction -- Descriptive statistics -- Distribution of the data -- Subject characteristics -- Parametric statistics -- Tests of differences -- Tests of relationships -- Effect size -- Nonparametric statistics -- Additional statistics in evidence-based physical therapy -- Statistical importance -- p values -- Confidence intervals -- Power -- Clinical relevance -- Summary -- Exercises -- References --

Online access:
No online access
Library holdings:
MCPHS Circulation - Worcester Campus
RM700 .J49 2011Available